Abraham Justified By Faith

Abraham’s Justification (Romans 4)

by Choon See

1) Justification by Faith not Works (v1-8)

2) Justification by Grace not Law (v9-17)

3) Justification by Divine Power not Human Effort (v18-25)

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1) Justification by Faith not Works (v1-8)

What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather, discovered in this matter? 2 If, in fact, Abraham was justified by works, he had something to boast about–but not before God Rom 4:1-2

For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith–and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God– 9not by works, so that no one can boast Eph 2:8-9

What does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness” Rom 4:3

Now when a man works, his wages are not credited to him as a gift, but as an obligation. 5However, to the man who does not work but trusts God who justifies the wicked, his faith is credited as righteousness Rom 4:4-5

David says the same thing when he speaks of the blessedness of the man to whom God credits righteousness apart from works: 7 “Blessed are they whose transgressions are forgiven, whose sins are covered. 8Blessed is the man whose sin the Lord will never count against him Rom 4:6-8

2) Justification by Grace not Law (v9-17)

Jewish Righteousness:-

1. Circumcision

2.Observing the Law

2Mark my words! I, Paul, tell you that if you let yourselves be circumcised, Christ will be of no value to you at all. 3Again I declare to every man who lets himself be circumcised that he is obligated to obey the whole law. 4You who are trying to be justified by law have been alienated from Christ; you have fallen away from grace. Gal 5:2-4 5

But by faith we eagerly await through the Spirit the righteousness for which we hope. 6For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision has any value. The only thing that counts is faith expressing itself through love. Gal 5:5-6

Is this blessedness only for the circumcised, or also for the uncircumcised? We have been saying that Abraham’s faith was credited to him as righteousness. 10Under what circumstances was it credited? Was it after he was circumcised, or before? It was not after, but before! Rom 4:9-10 Abram believed the LORD , and he credited it to him as righteousness Gen 15:6

And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised. So then, he is the father of all who believe but have not been circumcised, in order that righteousness might be credited to them Rom 4:11

Circumcision as a Sign
  1. God’s People
  2. God’s Covenant
  3. Spiritual Sign

Circumcision of our hearts Deut 30:6, Jer 4:4, Rom 4:11

Communion

• Symbolizing Christ’s redemptive act

• Proclaiming men need to be saved

Baptism

• Symbolizing Christ’s redemptive act

• Proclaiming men need to be saved

It was not through law that Abraham and his offspring received the promise that he would be heir of the world, but through the righteousness that comes by faith.  Rom 4:13-15 What I mean is this: The law, introduced 430 years later, does not set aside the covenant previously established by God Gal 3:17

Therefore, the promise comes by faith, so that it may be by grace and may be guaranteed to all Abraham’s offspring–not only to those who are of the law but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham. He is the father of us all Rom 4:16

3) Justification by Divine Power not Human Effort (v18-25)

“I have made you a father of many nations.” He is our father in the sight of God, in whom he believed–the God who gives life to the dead and calls things that are not as though they were Rom 4:17

Against all hope, Abraham in hope believed and so became the father of many nations, just as it had been said to him, “So shall your offspring be Rom 4:18 Without weakening in his faith, he faced the fact that his body was as good as dead–since he was about a hundred years old–and that Sarah’s womb was also dead Rom 4:19

Yet he did not waver through unbelief regarding the promise of God, but was strengthened in his faith and gave glory to God, 21being fully persuaded that God had power to do what he had promised Rom 4:20-21

This is why “it was credited to him as righteousness.” Rom 4:22

The words “it was credited to him” were written not for him alone, 24but also for us, to whom God will credit righteousness–for us who believe in him who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead Rom 4:23-24

He was delivered over to death for our sins and was raised to life for our justification Rom 4:25