Basic Eschatology: An Introduction

Basic Eschatology: An Introduction. What’s the difference between the different views
By P.B. Teo

PB Teo


What is eschatology?
Greek: end (last) things
-logy: knowledge/study

Doctrines & examples

1. Fundamentals of Faith

  • Salvation by faith
  • Christ alone
  • Scripture only
  • Deity of Christ
  • Resurrection of Christ
  • Trinity

2. Primary Doctrines

  • Eldership
  • Baptism by immersion
  • Sign gifts
  •  Dispensationalisation
  • Eschatology view

3. Tertiary Issues

  • Communion cup(s)
  • Musical instrument(s)
  • Dress code

Each church led by elders accountable to God (not other elders)

1. 3 major views

  • Premillenial, Post-millennial, Amillenial
  • Pre-tribulation, Post-tribulation

2. Explain mak justification behind each viewpoint
3. Implications of each view
4. Why we believe in the viewpoint: Premillennial & pre-tribulation
Note: do not get angry with others with different viewpoint or as heretics as does not affect a believers salvation

Not Covering
1. Details events of great tribulation
2. Details time anti-Christ
3. Details Daniel’s 70 weeks

• Introduction
• 3 key events
• 2 key interpretation rules
• Summary

3 Key Events
• Millennium (Revelation 20)
• Great tribulation (Matthew 24)
• Rapture (1 Thessalonians 4:13-18)

2 Key Interpretation Rules
• How literal is “Literal”?
• Literal vs contextual
• Is the church = New Israel?

Eg How many days did God take to create the world? 6 days (literal)
How many people did God create? 2 (literal)
Parting of Red Sea = literal

The Lord’s eyes ran to & fro the earth
Figurative that God watches everything (not literal)

Israel transformed & God now loves the church?!

Millennium (Revelation 20)
V1: Angel down from heaven
1000 years? Literal / symbolic of long time?
Where did this happen?
Re: Rev 20:2-7
V3 Satan bound – deceive not
V4, 6 Saints reigned
V5-6 1st resurrection
V7 Satan released & decieved
V11-13 Great white throne judgment works

Angels come from heaven
Saints rules on earth 1000years
Satan bound
1st resurrection
Great white throne judgment (2nd death)

Are we judged by works?
Salvation for believers not by our works
This judgment are for those not received the word of Christ

3 Millennial Views



  • Christ reigns literally for 1000years
  • Satan bound no longer able to deceive the nations
  • End released, war


  • Only comes after 1000 years
  • Viewpoint that Christ is reigning in our hearts & church
  • Support for this viewpoint fading with increasing occurrence gay marriages, ISIS, etc


  • A=none (no millennial)
  • Symbolic millennium
  • 1000 years = long time; reflects the church age
  • Bound in the sense that satan cannot raise enemies (?)
  • Christians are reigning now (?)

Church replaces Israel?
Amillenials: God has one majestic plan throughout the ages & the church has morphed into the new Israel

Premillennials: Israel will return during the Millennium

Distinction between Israel & church

“So whether you eat or drink or whatever you do, do it all for the glory of God. Do not cause anyone to stumble, whether Jews, Greeks or the church of God—”
‭‭1 Corinthians‬ ‭10:31-32‬ ‭NIV‬‬

Jews: Israelites
Greeks: Gentiles
Church of God: God’s people
Jews purposely mentioned!

Romans 9-11

Expounds on God not giving up Israel
Nothing can separate us from the love of Christ
Promised Israel nation will never leave or forsake you

“I ask then: Did God reject his people? By no means! I am an Israelite myself, a descendant of Abraham, from the tribe of Benjamin. God did not reject his people, whom he foreknew. Don’t you know what Scripture says in the passage about Elijah—how he appealed to God against Israel:

Again I ask: Did they stumble so as to fall beyond recovery? Not at all! Rather, because of their transgression, salvation has come to the Gentiles to make Israel envious.”
‭‭Romans‬ ‭11:1-2, 11‬ ‭NIV‬‬

Speaking to Gentiles now (Romans 11:25-32)

We are privileged
Jews had rejected the Messiah
Gospel given to Gentiles to provoke Jews to jealousy
Israel still exists; Gospel is still for Jews
Majority Jews will turn to Messiah… one day

Patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob

Not talking about church but nation of Israel

Many promises (many not yet fulfilled) for Israel

  • Abrahamic covenant
    • Genesis 12:1-3, 7; 15:5-20; 17:3-8; 28:13-15
    • Literal land promise – all the way to Jacob (not including Ishmael nor Esau)
    • Unconditional (single sides covenant only God committed)
    • Unfulfilled (Egypt to Euphrates land never fully owned – hasn’t happened yet!)
    • Unceasing love (Jeremiah 31:1-5, 31-40)
  • Land promise
    • After divided kingdom lost their land
  • Covenant of peace (Ezekiel 34:1-2, 25-30)
    • God will still being Israel back to a time of peace

If God is a faithful God, He will fulfil it one day. When? (Believed to be) in the millennium

When will Israel be cast out?
Only when the sun, moon & stars depart; Only when the heavens can be measured

Land Promises
• Forever & ever – Jer 25:5, Amos 9:15
• This Land – Jer 23:3-8, 24:34-7, 32:36-41
• Nations of the earth – Jer 33:6-9
• Own Land – Eze 28:25-26
• For My Name – Eze 36:22-28
• One Nation – Eze 37:21-25

How God will bring His people back & live in safely for His own glory
Northern + Southern Kingdom together

Davidic Covenant
• 2 Sam 7:10-17; Ps 89:3-4
• Literal Kingdom 2 Sam 7:13
• Literal Temple 2 Sam 7:13
• David’s Kingdom Forever 2 Sam 7:16
Unconditional – “I will”
Unceasing love – Jer 33:22-26; Rom 11:1-5, 11-12, 29-32
Jews understanding- Acts 1:6
Not for you to know the time (meaning it will happen just that we don’t know when!)


Great Tribulation
Matthew 24
• Jacob’s trouble Jer 30:5-7
Let those in Judea (today = Palestine)
Sabbath = important & observed by Jews
• Dan 9:24-27
70 weeks; For Daniel’s people, Israel & Jerusalem
Talking about great tribulation that applies to the Jews
• Rev 5-18

““For thus says the LORD: ‘We have heard a voice of trembling, Of fear, and not of peace. Ask now, and see, Whether a man is ever in labor with child? So why do I see every man with his hands on his loins Like a woman in labor, And all faces turned pale? Alas! For that day is great, So that none is like it; And it is the time of Jacob’s trouble, But he shall be saved out of it.”
‭‭Jeremiah‬ ‭30:5-7‬ ‭NKJV‬‬

God has let the nation go through the great tribulation but will eventually be saved

Jeremiah 30:16-20

Rapture (to be continued next session)

Q: Jews part of church?
A: Yes includes Jewish people who accept Christ (Israelite believers) – Eph 2


More Reading

How can a loving God send someone to hell?

How can a loving God send someone to hell?
By C.S. Chen


Why is God angry?
Romans 1:18-32
The wrath of God
1. Revelation
2. Rejection
3. Rationalisation
4. Religion
5. Result

“The wrath of God is being revealed from heaven against all the godlessness and wickedness of people, who suppress the truth by their wickedness,”
‭‭Romans‬ ‭1:18‬ ‭NIV‬‬

Wrath of God
Reflective of our evil heart

Revealed = manifested being brought to all human beings
While creation groans & waits for redemption

Why evil seems unpunished?
It will come!

“The Lord is known by his acts of justice; the wicked are ensnared by the work of their hands.”
‭‭Psalm‬ ‭9:16‬ ‭NIV‬‬

“God is a righteous judge, a God who displays his wrath every day.”
‭‭Psalm‬ ‭7:11‬ ‭NIV‬

Revealed against those who are Godless & wicked; Against the sin of the world

All = everyone, unless we come to the Lord Jesus Christ

Suppress = ignore
Held back by the patience of God
Waiting for the day when His wrath will pour
Throughout human history a few drops of wrath poured out on especially vicious outbreak of rebellion
Sin not tolerated but piling up

“since what may be known about God is plain to them, because God has made it plain to them.”
‭‭Romans‬ ‭1:19‬ ‭NIV‬‬

Known by God from the vastness of heavenly bodies to the amazing beauty of each flower to the hydrologic cycle of water to the mystery of human birth to the glory of sunrise.

“The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands.”
‭‭Psalm‬ ‭19:1‬ ‭NIV‬‬

We have no excuse of not knowing God…

“For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that people are without excuse.”
‭‭Romans‬ ‭1:20‬ ‭NIV‬‬

“For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened.”
‭‭Romans‬ ‭1:21‬ ‭NIV‬

Neither glorify nor give thanks but putting self as god
Rejecting God & coming out with their own theories
Although the chief end of men is to glorify God & enjoy Him forever

They became fools (emoranthesan – from where the word moron comes from)
A religious world with lots of religions
A world which worship idols (money, sex, K-pop idols, etc)

“Furthermore, just as they did not think it worthwhile to retain the knowledge of God, so God gave them over to a depraved mind, so that they do what ought not to be done.”
‭‭Romans‬ ‭1:28‬ ‭NIV‬‬

God abandoned men
Give them over = punishment, sentencing
Forsake God & He forsakes you

“Although they know God’s righteous decree that those who do such things deserve death, they not only continue to do these very things but also approve of those who practice them.”
‭‭Romans‬ ‭1:32‬ ‭NIV‬‬

Not only those who commit but those who approve by watching & inaction
With all the laws, there is no escape
No escape whether by seeking psychiatrists, taking vacations, meditation or drugs

Only way is to return to God